Civil Rights Act of 1964


 Civil Rights Act of 1964

 

An Act

To enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education, to extend the Commission on Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Civil Rights Act of 1964".

 

 

To see the entire document click here: www.ourdocuments.gov


On July 2, 1964 the Civil Rights Act was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson. It was made aware to the media so that it would be heard by all of the United States. At the signing “all the leaders of the civil rights movement, the most powerful members of Congress, and the key figures of the Justice Department had been invited to share the moment that would crown their labors and establish the law” (3 Levine).

This law abolished job discrimination and because of this law the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission was born. “It outlawed segregation in all publicly supported facilities and certain establishments serving the general public. It strengthened protections of equality in voting and in education. It required policies of racial equity in every institution that accepted a dollar of federal assistance (4 Levine).

Many different events had lead up to this monumental event like the landmark case Brown vs. The Board of Education, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and the Little Rock Standoff. Many horrific acts of violence occurred during the years of the civil rights movement, murders of civil rights activists, black churches and homes burned, and assaults by law enforcement officials on peaceful protesters. Ten years of racial violence had occurred to finally achieve desegregation and the equal treatment of not only blacks, but all minorities and including women.


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Pre-Civil Rights Act

 

Brown v Board of Education

 

Rosa Parks & the Montgomery Bus Boycott

 

Little Rock Standoff

 

Post-Civil Rights Act

 

Civil Rights Today


Civil Rights Today

Today there still is segregation as seen in affordable housing, healthcare, education, and income. Segregation was made illegal in 1964, but it has found ways to creep back into today’s society. It has taken different forms that people do not recognize as segregation today. Many of the decisions that were made in the 60’s have greatly influence today for the better. Not only has the Civil Rights Act helped African Americans, it has helped all other minorities. It has also made it equal for women, such as women in the work place. Women now have the same rights as everyone else. Women have overcome obstacles in the workplace like the glass ceiling, not being able to advance in their place of work. Sexual harassment is also an issue that has found its roots from the Civil Rights Act. The Civil Rights Act has also leaded to the Disabilities Act, which has helped disabled Americans in the work place and in today’s society.

There will never be a separation between whites and blacks like what was seen in the pre-Civil Rights era. Today many of these issues have been built on and many great accomplishments have been made. The goal of an equal society is perfect, but it is better than what it has been in the past.


 Works Cited

 

100 Milestone Documents. 11 Dec. 2007 <www.ourdocuments.gov>

 

"The Civil Rights Coalition for the 21st Century."Leadership Conference on Civil Rights and the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights Education Fund. 23 Nov. 2007 <http://www.civilrights.org>

 

Collier-Thomas, Betty and V. P. Franklin. Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights & Black Power Movement. New York: New York University Press, 2001.

 

Klarman, Michael. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

 

Patterson, James. Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and Its troubled Legacy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

 

Raffel, Jeffery. Historical Dictonary of School Segregation & Desegregation: The American Experience. CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998.

 

"Segregation and Unequal - 42 Years After the Civil Rights Act of 1964." Ascribe Law News Service 25 July, 2006.